How to estimate the runoff time for my area?

Earth Science Asked on January 4, 2022

I want to use an rainfall-runoff model for pluvial flash floods and need to choose for my synthetic rain event the appropriate duration. In the literature it often says that the chosen duration should be as long or twice as long as the runoff time from the beginning of the runoff until out of the catchment.

How do I estimate the runoff time? Perhaps somehow by considering the catchment area or the topography?

One Answer

The suggestion above to check historical data to get an idea of the time to peak/ time of concentration, and a get sense of the general storm response time is a good one. There are also empirical methods to relate the catchment slope, runoff coefficient, etc. to the time to peak/ time of concentration, which sounds like what you are looking for. You can find examples of them in the MTO Computational Methods webpage, more localized ones might exist wherever you are located. Look for the section on time to peak, although you may need other definitions in there to determine your inputs to that calculation (such as catchment slope).

Keep in mind that 'runoff time' is not a specific term, and that the 'runoff time' for a full response may be extremely long, as nature tends to follow exponential responses trends with long tails in recession. However, the time to peak and time of concentration are more specific terms with definitions you can find and apply.

In terms of how long to run the simulation, depends again based on what you are doing. For a real storm, there may be subsequest rainfall events before the full response is seen. If you just need the peak, then 2-3x the estimated time to peak from the methods above would likely be fine, depending on how flashy the catchment is. If you are running a hydrologic model of sorts, then run it for a long time to see the full response to check the response hydrograph, and compare that to real data to help validate your model.

Answered by Rob on January 4, 2022

Add your own answers!

Related Questions

Why does air pollution comes with cold weather in tropical areas?

3  Asked on April 20, 2021 by anukmenchitlarmen


Why does radioactive dating work on specific rocks?

3  Asked on April 10, 2021 by davidvgalbraith


Manually changing symmetry

0  Asked on April 10, 2021 by user99853


How many years does it take for rivers to form?

0  Asked on April 6, 2021 by bawddor


Find planetary temperature

1  Asked on April 4, 2021 by tysondennis


Do desalination plants affect the ground water table?

2  Asked on April 2, 2021 by mahesh-ram


How to cite LandSat 8?

1  Asked on March 25, 2021


How long does it take to form amber?

1  Asked on March 23, 2021 by danubian-sailor


Ask a Question

Get help from others!

© 2023 All rights reserved. Sites we Love: PCI Database, UKBizDB, Menu Kuliner, Sharing RPP