"Environment" VS "Milieu"

English Language Learners Asked by A-friend on December 17, 2020

I see no difference between “environment” and “milieu” in the following example:

  • It is a study of the social and cultural milieu in which Michelangelo lived and worked. [Source]

I think, we can interchange the two words here in this example.

As Cambridge says, “milieu” is:

The people, physical, and social conditions and events that provide the environment in which someone acts or lives.

This is my exact definition of “environment”.

Are they interchangeable in this sense?
Should I consider any point here?

One Answer

They're not quite interchangeable. Maybe your exact definitions are different from the dictionary's!

environment: The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.

milieu: A person's social environment.

Milieu describes the people, not the surroundings.

Answered by Old Brixtonian on December 17, 2020

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