I got confused by learning the wrong Grammar terms. What are the real ones and where to learn them?

English Language Learners Asked by Rusletov on September 4, 2020

When I started to learn English, I did it with half a century old Soviet book called The Practical English Grammar by Izrailevich and Kachalova (Практическая грамматика английского языка. Израилевич и Качалова).

There are sections in the textbook about the Syntax and the Morphology of the language. As far as the Morphology section is concerned everything’s looked spot on so far.
But I started learning the Syntax which explores not the parts of speech as units but a whole sentence. And there I began to see problems.

It’s just that some terms in the book which break sentences into components don’t seem to align with the ones people use around here, on this site. But, oddly enough, those terms try to be analogous to the Russian terms in the Syntax of the Russian language. So my point is that the textbook tries to make me learn the English Syntax through the Russian terms.

I’ve done some googling and found out that all the other Russian English learning resources offer those Russian-like terms too. But the real English speaking world seems to use a different taxonomy, as it were.

On this site I find terms such as Prepositional Phrase, Complement, Adverbial Phrase and many others, but I don’t find them in my textbook. Instead, I find there the following:

I (The subject) gave (the simple predicate) the letter (the direct
object) to them (the prepositional indirect object).

I (the subject) gave (the simple predicate) them (the indirect object)
the letter (the direct object).

A boy (the subject) feeds (the simple predicate) the dog (the direct
object) with pleasure (the adverb of manner) in the yard (the adverb
of place) every day (the adverb of time).

To my surprise, people here get confused when I use the term the indirect prepositional object referring to to them.

I’ve never seen anybody use the term the simple predicate or simply predicate referring to the verb of a sentence here. If someone used it, they meant the whole sentence, I guess, after the subject.

So, I’ve been wondering if anybody knows what’s wrong with the terms which have been taught in Russia so far? Why, at least, some of them differ from the ones used by native speakers of English? And by which resources I can learn the proper ones?

Add your own answers!

Related Questions

Get in form, out of form

1  Asked on February 15, 2021 by its-about-english


“Great Leader, X” or “Great Leader X”

2  Asked on February 13, 2021 by notamartialartist


How to avoid multiple “to” in sentence?

1  Asked on February 11, 2021 by ranjith-kumar


Possessive pronoun

0  Asked on February 10, 2021 by rakesh-sharma


How the comma works when I list things on a sentence?

0  Asked on February 10, 2021 by john-john-pichler


Order of adverb “immediately” in a phrase

1  Asked on February 10, 2021 by soulandbone


Different Subject Structure

2  Asked on February 10, 2021 by nevzat-doukan-erbek



1  Asked on February 10, 2021


Want + to be + adj or want + adj

2  Asked on February 8, 2021


for us to condone such actions

1  Asked on February 7, 2021 by azz


Usage of “can” and “could”

0  Asked on February 7, 2021


What’s in a name?… Wait, or is there?

1  Asked on February 5, 2021 by user120390


Ask a Question

Get help from others!

© 2023 All rights reserved. Sites we Love: PCI Database, UKBizDB, Menu Kuliner, Sharing RPP