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Perpendicular lines on line using QGIS

Geographic Information Systems Asked by KartenLappen on December 25, 2020

I am using QGIS. I want to create perpendicular Lines on another Line (River). The Lines should be created on points on the Line and should have a length of 40 Meters. I want to create the red lines in the picture below (for the complete River).

This is what I mean

2 Answers

There are many ways to solve your problem and one of them is the next:

Input data: 1) river_line layer 2) interpolated points after 100 m, see figure below

enter image description here

Figure 1

Action 1 - launch the geo tool "Points along geometry" with a point offset of 50 m as shown in the figure below

enter image description here

Figure 2

The result is shown in the figure below

enter image description here Figure 3

Action 2, 3 - launch the "PointToPath" geo tool see the figure below

enter image description here

Figure 4

then run the geo tool "ExplodeLines" see the figure below

enter image description here

Figure 5

Action 4 run the geo tool "Rotate" see the picture below

enter image description here

Figure 6

Rezult see the picture below

enter image description here

Figure 7

Action 5 start geo tool "Buffer" on "river_line" layer with distance of 40 m see illustration below

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Figure 8

Rezult in the figure below

enter image description here

Figure 9

Action 6 Cut perpendicular lines with the buffer

The result is shown in the figure below

enter image description here

Figure 10

See the figure below for the intermediate result.

enter image description here

Figure 11

Further, in order to close the beginning and the end, you need to lengthen the line in both directions, leave only the outermost segments, turn them 90 degrees, cut and add to the result see Figure 11.

Good luck in knowing about geodata processing :-)....

If necessary, ask clarifying questions on the subject of your question, I hope that I can clarify them...

Answered by Cyril Mikhalchenko on December 25, 2020

Edited answer: My first solution (see below) was for visualisation purposes only. But as you mentioned afterwards, you need the actual geometry. So this here is how to do it:

Go to Menu Processing / Toolbox / Create points along input lines to create points on the line in a set distance - as I can see in your screenshot, the points should have a distance of 100 meters along the line, so set the distance to 100. This creates a new pointslayer interpolated points with an attribute angle that you can use to create perpendicular lines.

As you need it as an actual geometry, use Menu Processing / Toolbox / Gemoetry by expression and set the layer interpolated points as input, geometry type as line and introduce the following expression

extend(
   make_line(
      $geometry,
       project (
          $geometry, 
          40, 
          radians("angle"-90))
        ),
   40,
   0
)

This will add an additional lines layer with the perpendicular lines:

enter image description here

This here is the first solution that does not create new geometries, but is good for visualisation purposes:

Add an additional symbol layer to your line and define it as simple marker, selecting the symbol and size as shown in the screenshot:

enter image description here

In this example, I have created a marker on every vertex. If you need a marker in a regular distance along the line, just make the settings accordingly as shown in the second screenshot (the settings in the red box; the arrow shows where to check for the first solution, every vertex):

enter image description here

Answered by babel on December 25, 2020

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