How can you distinguish between "topic," "focalized," or just vanilla subjects?

Linguistics Asked by Matthew Fulton on August 16, 2020

How do you differentiate phrases which are topics, focalized, or just plain subjects? What tests can you use?

I am looking at the data below– the capitalized Hawaiian phrases have been claimed to be focalized (emphasized).

  • (1) KE HĀ’AWI AKU NEI au I kēia iā’oe.

  • PRES give away PRES 1s ACC this to you

  • ‘I give this to you.’

  • (2) ‘O WAU ke hā’awi aku nei i kēia iā’oe.

  • I give this to you.’

  • (3) ‘O ‘OE ka mea a’u e hā’awi aku nei i kēia.

  • ‘I give this to you.’

  • (4) ‘O KĒIA ka’u e hā’awi aku nei iā’oe.

  • ‘I give this to you.’

Please send help. I am looking for how to distinguish (in general) between "topic," "focalized," or just vanilla subjects.

Add your own answers!

Related Questions

Is Mississippi cognate with Michigan?

1  Asked on October 23, 2021 by mitten-file


Right node raising

1  Asked on October 23, 2021 by peony-fung


How to find F0, F1, F2,

1  Asked on October 23, 2021 by artur-fortunato


What kind of i-mutation is PG mahtiz OE meaht?

0  Asked on October 23, 2021 by nastenka


Ask a Question

Get help from others!

© 2022 All rights reserved. Sites we Love: PCI Database, MenuIva, UKBizDB, Menu Kuliner, Sharing RPP